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Eritrea

is a country in northern East Africa bordered by Sudan in the west, Ethiopia in the south, and Djibouti in the southeast. The east and northeast of the country have an extensive coastline on the Red Sea, directly across from Saudi Arabia and Yemen.
The Dahlak Archipelago and several of the Hanish Islands are part of Eritrea.

Eritrea was consolidated into a colony by the Italian government on January 1, 1890. The modern state of Eritrea gained its independence from Ethiopia following a thirty-year war which lasted from 1961 to 1991.
Eritrea is a multilingual and multicultural country with two dominant religions (Sunni Islam and Oriental Orthodox Christianity) and nine ethnic groups.

The country has no official language, but it has three working languages: Tigrinya, Arabic and English.

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AFAR (DANAKIL) claim to be descendants of the son of Noah, as recorded in the Bible. They are located in the East African countries of Djibouti, Somalia, Ethiopia, and Eritrea. The Afar prefer to be known as the Afar, since the Arabic word danakil is an offensive term to them. 

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BILEN, Blin or Bilin are an African ethnic group of south-central Eritrea, in and around the city of Keren, and south toward Asmara, the capital city. The Bilen are agriculturalists. About thirty percent of their population are Christian, primarily Catholic.  

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HEDAREB people include the Beni-Amer people who have retained the use of the Beja language, To-Bedawi (Hedareb). They also include the subtribes: Hashish, Labat, and Halenqua. The Hedareb people are predominately Sunni Muslim's. 

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JEBERTI (also spelled Jabarti, Jaberti, Jebarti) are a Tigrinya- and Arabic-speaking group mostly found in Eritrea with a wider diaspora community in neighboring countries, primarily in the Arabian Peninsula. 

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KUNAMA are an ethnic group living in Eritrea, where they are one of the smallest ethnic groups. Most of the estimated 100,000 Kunama live in the remote and isolated area between the Gash and Setit Rivers.

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NARA live north of the Gash River in southwestern Eritrea. They are predominantly a Negroid people, who have strong builds but are generally not as tall as other related groups. The Nara belong to the Prenilotes. 

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The RASHAIDA are a Bedouin people populating either side of the Red Sea, they come from a major tribe in mainland Arabia called Banu Abs[citation needed], most of the Rashaida live in the Arabian Peninsula. 

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SAHO who occupy Eastern foot hills of Akeleguzai and Semhar region of Eritrea are among the country’s longest-established peoples. For over three thousand years of their known history.   

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TIGRE are traditionally nomadic shepherds who live in Eritrea and northeastern Sudan. They are distinguished from other regional peoples by the fact that they possess hereditary slaves. 

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TIGRINYA, also spelled Tigrigna is a Semitic language spoken by the Tigray-Tigrinya people in central Eritrea (there referred to as the "Tigrinya" people), where it is one of the main working languages.

 

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